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Hatzfeld Kraushaar

The Hatzfeld KraushaarPage

 

Johann Herman Kraushaar immigrated to the Banat from Schoenhohlthausen in 1786 with his wife and 9 children (1 was later born in the new Banat homeland), and his father and mother Johan Jodokus and Maria Elisibeth Korte-Kraushaar .  They immigrated from Deutmecke-Schoenholthausen in the county of Meschede  in the Sauerland of Germany after they sold their portion of the Kraushaar farm.  The sister of Maria Elisibeth Korte-Kraushaar who was named Maria Catharina Kraushaar-Steckebrock retained a portion of the Kraushaar farm in Germany and remained there.  Here is my male line through the Hatzfeld era:

 

1) Johan Herman Kraushaar (B:19 Oct 1740  D:05-May 1812 in Hatzfeld*) married to Anna Katharina Schmittkins and their children were:

 

    Margaretha Born 4 Feb 1769 in Deutmecke, Died 19 June 1785* in Hatzfeld

    Johan Wilhelm Born 9 January 1770 in Deutmecke, Died 29 Oct 1814 Hatzfeld

    Jacob Jodokus Born 9-2-1772 in Deutmecke

    Johan Franz Born 10-10-1773 in Deutmecke

    Maria Elisibeth Born 3-11-1778 in Deutmecke, Died 30-1-1784* in Hatzfeld

    Maria Gertrud Born 23-3-1781 in Deutmecke, Died 20-12-1802 in Hatzfeld

    Anna Elizibeth Born 1781 in Deutmecke

    Johann Born 16-9-1783 in Deutmecke

    Maria Margaretha Born 1-11-1785 in Deutmecke

    Kaspar Born 29-12-1790 He served in the Austrian Army 61st Infantry Reg.

 

2) Johann Wilhem Kraushaar Born 9 Jan 1770 in Deutmecke, Died 29 Oct 1814 in Hatzfeld married to Margaretha Linster who was born March 26th 1775 in Hatzfeld. Their children were:

 

   (From here on on this page all children were born in Hatzfeld)

 

   Jacob  Born 26 Nov 1792** Died 19 Dec 1864 in Hatzfeld

   Margaretha  Born 19 Dec 1794

   Anna Maria Born 25 March 1796  Died 12 May 1796 at age 2 months.

   Anna Maria Born 16 Nov 1797

   Christian Born 23 Feb 1800

   Franz Born 22-9-1801

   Peter Born 20-9-1802

   Nicholaus Born 9-19-1804 Died 15-6-1822 in Hatzfeld

   Teresa Born 8-2-1811 Died 18-8-1812 in Hatzfeld

   Margaretha Born 5-12-1813

 

3) Jacob Kraushaar** Born 26-11-1792 Died 19 Dec 1864 in Hatzfeld married Elisabeth Wesseger Born 4-1-1794 in Hatzfeld Died 9-12-1864 in Hatzfeld. There children were:

 

   Franz Born 3-11-1814, Died 17-2-1834 in Hatzfeld

   Johann Born 4-10-1816

   Nikolaus Born 9-2-1819

   Thomas born 17-12-1820

   Nikolaus Born 26-8-1822 Died 31-7-1836 in Hatzfeld

   Genoveva Born 21-5-1824

   Nikolaus Born 8-28-1828 Died 31-7-1887 in Hatzfeld

   Susanna Born 1829, Died 17-1-1844 in Hatzfeld

   Michael Born 10-8-1830

   Margaretha Born 30-12 1834

   Anna Maria Born 30-12-1834

   Margaretha Maria Born 7-9-1837

 

4) Nickolaus Born 28 Aug 1828, Died 31-7-1887 married Terisia Zappe Born 1827, Died 1880 in Hatzfeld. Their children were:

 

   Theodore Born 29-1-1847

   Margarethe Born 3-12-1849

   Johann Born 3-16-1851

   Kathrina Born 14-4-1854, Died 15-3-1863 in Hatzfeld

   Nikolaus Born 11-11-1856, Died 29-6-1858 in Hatzfeld

   Franz Born 5-3-1860, Died 1932

   Peter Born 18-10-1862

   Mathias Born 13-7-1866

 

5) Franz Kraushaar Born 5-3-1860, Died in 1932 married Anna Hoffler Born 1863, Died in 1949 in Hatzfeld. There children were:

 

   Peter*** B: 11 Nov1890*, Immigrated to USA in 1911, D: 1976 in Cincinnati

 The following were the other children of Franz Kraushaar:

 

   Katherin

   Marishga

   Elizebeth

   Josef

 

  • *Indicates a conflict in dates or places according to other research and records.

 

  • ** Jacob Kraushaar was the first Kraushaar baby born in the Banat after the immigration from Germany.  He lived until age 72 in the new frontier called the Banat and was the father of twelve children.  We therefore named my son, Jacob Edvard Kraushaar who was born in 2007 after this man who was my Great, Great, Great grandfather.

 

  • *** Peter was my Grandfather.

 

 

 

Hatzfeld (founded 1766) history is exciting and vibrant.  The Kraushaar family arrived about 1786 in this new Banat frontier in Hungary that was opened in the 1760’s to homesteading by Queen Maria Teresia of the Austrian-Hungarian empire.  Life for the first 100 years was difficult to say the least and many people died from illness.  As you can see several Kraushaar’s died at a very young age. In the early 1900’s Hatzfeld became part of Romania.  After World War II the Soviet Union controlled Romania and life once again became difficult for all of the Germans in the hundreds of German towns in the Banat.  Fortunately for me my Grandfather Peter Kraushaar immigrated to America in 1911.  After 1988 and the collapse of the Soviet Union all of the Kraushaar’s and almost all other people of German ancestry returned to Germany.

Important Correction in reference to #5 above: Franz Kraushaar (1860-1932) was married to Anna Hoefler (1863-1949) and lived in Hatzfeld. They had 11 children as follows:Franz (1885-1914), Peter 1890-1976 (my Grandfather see above), Matts 1895-1986, Marishga (1898-?), Katherine (1892-1974), Lizzie (late 1890's-?), Josko (late 1890's) Josef (1904-?), Hans and Nickolas who both died very young plus twins who died at birth.

Why many immigrated from Germany and the Sauerland to the Banat in Hungary:

 An excerpt from Fremde in Westfalen. Westfalen in der Fremde.  Zur Geschichte der Ein - und Auswanderung von 1200 bis 1950. (The History of Immigration In and Out of Westphalia 1200-1959) By Gilbert Strotdrees

Five cows, 15 sheep, 1 pig and 1 goat Anton Poggel calls his own. He lives in Kückelheim in 1760 as a small farmer. With those few animals he does not belong to the poorest people in the village, but life is still hard.. Then he and the other poor farmers heard rumors about Queen Maria Theresia in Austria, that she would await them with open arms in her country.

So many families make the long trip to the Banat. They have been promised land for free, help for building their houses and so on.

The Pastor of Eslohe noted on 30 April 1765 that Anton Poggel married Maria Margarete Bloyink. Only three days later he noted that they have gone to Hungary. The sister of Poggel goes with them. Between 1764 and 1772 1800 people from the Sauerland region left for the Banat.

 

(Now the author explains what the Banat looked like)

Jacob Struck from Mecklinghausen was a soldier in the army of the Austrians, He settled already shortly  after1718 , when Prinz Eugen fought the Turks (Ottoman Empire) in Vienna.

The Austrian government said: Only when there are people, the taxes will come from this land , which was nearly abandoned  after the war between the Turks and the Austrians.

Spanish, Serbian farmers,  Hungarians and people from Romania are also coming to the region to farm and homestead.

Starting in the 1720 s most of the Germans left from southwest Germany. ( So they were called Banater Schwaben)

 

From 1722 to 1726 twenty families from Drolshagen and Wenden are the first from the Sauerland region to go.

 From 1752 to 1753 around 100 families follow them.

The peak was reached in 1764 to1772. By that time 382 families From the Sauerland went to Hungary. It might have been even 450.  Most of them came from the villages around Olpe and Drolshagen and the region Attendorn, Eslohe, and  Schmallenberg.

Very well paid agents from Austria came through the villages to try to bait and entice people to the Banat in Hungary.

But also the colonists themselves are advertising for Hungary. Some came back to the Sauerland to sell their land and so on.  When they went back to the Banat, they would take relatives, friends and neighbors with them. The local government in the Sauerland calls them seducers, as they do not want people to leave the Sauerland.. In 1766 in the churches the priests read the order from the government, that 25 percent of the capital and equity of those who leave will be confiscated. by the government. The agents of Queen Maria Theresia of Austria are even supposed to be killed.when they come to entice people to the Banat.  The government fears, that there are not enough workers left on the farms anymore.

             But as there is no work, no money, no future, the people do not care. The Kaiserin wakes too many hopes for these poor people of the farmer under class but can not deliver on the promises.

(Now the author gives the example of a poor farmer)

Heinrich Tilmann (called Zenger) left with his family from the village Kückelheim (10 kilometer from Deutmecke.) He was the owner  of 1 goat,  10 sheep and 3 cows. The 20-year-old Anton Wagner, who was the son of a tailor, went with him.

( Now he speaks about the reasons and why people left the Sauerland.)

Those, who did not have any property left, because they wanted to become free. The owners of farms left, because they were indebted. That was not the fault of the farmers, but the Kurkölnische government. The aristocracy does not have to pay any taxes and the citizens in the cities only pay 19 percent tax.  81 percent of all the tax income is from the farmers. So they don’t have any reserves.  Many farms were ruined or deep in debt and that was the main reason for leaving.

(Now the example of Poggel, how they managed to get to Banat.)

On 2 May they leave the village. With 12 families they are making a trek. They are going in the direction of Fulda and from there to Bamberg  then via Nürnberg to Regensburg. A ship then brings them via the Donau (Danube) to Vienna.  This first part of the journey takes them 1 month.

On 29 May they have to register in Vienna. Every family gets 6 gulden. After a short rest, they take the ship again and reach at the end of June Tschanad..

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