Kraushaar Genealogy

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Kraushaar und Korte

 

 

Kraushaar, Korte & Henrichs Family History back to the year 1330, as researched by Peter Michael Kraushaar.  Peter spent 2 years researching Kraushaar genealogy so that our family history remains alive for future generations. He he has traced the male line back to about 1585 and Kraushaar history in Deutmecke, Germany back even further to 1330. Peter, who prefers his middle name Michael, spent much of his career as a police officer and criminal investigator, experience that would prove valuable in researching family history and genealogy!

 

Note while reading this information when Peter Kraushaar immigrated to the US in 1911 either he or US Officials changed the spelling of the name to Kraushar.  In  2005 Peter Michael Kraushaar corrected the spelling of his (and his daughter's) name in court. Also note the German language was not really organized until the 1800's so when you read the material, family names and the names of towns etc. may have several similar spellings such as Kraushaar & Cruishaar, Henrichs & Heinrichs, Korte & Corten, or Wichtmann and Wichtman, both being the same family!  Until about 1700 in the Sauerland region of Germany it was very common to use a diiferent last name (or add an additional name to your own) depending on which farm you lived on or the profession you had.  So we see the name of Korte added onto the Henrichs name quite often, as the Korte family worked and lived on the Henrichs farm for many generations and used both Korte & Henrichs as surnames. 

 

The family origins go back to Deutmecke, a small hamlet just outside of the larger towns of Schoenholthausen-Finnentrop in the Kreis (county) of Olpe (formerly Meschede and before that called Eslohe), (Sauerland region) in the state of Westfalia Germany.  In 1330 there were eight homes and farms in Deutmecke inhabited by the following families: Kraushaar, Henrichs, Steckebrock, Rinke, Hachen, Heimes, Gehren, Shulte and Hagemann.

 

Some Kraushaar's eventually became Donau-Schwabisch who are the tens of thousands of Germans that immigrated to and homesteaded in the Banat Region of Hungary (some parts later became Romania) from the 1700s until 1850. Our family lore suggests the Kraushaar's immigrated to Hatzfeld in April 1766 (the year the town was founded and open to homesteading), although records in Schoenholthausen indicate it was in 1786 that Johann Herman Kraushaar (the son of Johann Jodocus) immigrated to Hatzfeld.   But as you'll see, Johan Jodocus Kraushaar died in Hatzfeld in 1779.  Did he immigrate to Hatzfeld many years before his son as the lore suggests?  Did he simply accompany his son Johan Herman Kraushaar & family in 1786? Or perhaps the date of death record in  Hatzfeld or Deutmecke is incorrect?  The majority of German immigrants to Hatzfeld are from the Sauerland & Trier areas of Germany, and some came from other areas.   Most of my research on Kraushaar clans usually leads to an area within a 250-kilometer (150 miles) of Frankfurt. A special thanks goes to my team, including my friend Stephanie Kraushaar (still unable to link any relation to our clan as hers originates from the Fulda area of Bavaria about 100 miles east of Deutmecke) who assisted with research and Gary Lorentzen, German Teacher at Columbia River High School in Vancouver, Washington USA who assisted with translation. 

 

                                          Deutmecke-Summary

 

The first known humans in the area were in the pre-Roman ice age about 800 B.C. as documented by artifacts found in the Deutmecker cave although this community was very weak and probably not long in duration. Deutmecke was first mentioned in 1279 in the 12th release of the noble family Rump, then again in a 1330 birth register of the St. Mary's Charities of Cologne-Deyfenbach.  Primarily Tilman Crasse von Affeln financed the charity.  The village of that time consisted of 8 farms, which by the 18th century were divided into two groups: Full-yoke farms and half-yoke farms. Henrichs and Steckebrock were in charge of the full-yoke farms.  Kraushaar, Hachen, Heimes and Gehren were in charge of the half-yoke farms. (Yoke=1.44 acres)

 

                      History of Kraushaar and Henrich Farms

 

Henrichs - Henrich's property existed until 1550 and was then transfered in name to Johan von Schnellenberg of Schoenholthausen.  In 1563 the name Henrichs was changed to Johan of Deutmecke.  It is this Henrichs that is associated with the property that goes back to 1330, not necessarily the Henrichs-Korte family listed below.  In 1589 von Schnellenberg rented out the farm in Deutmecke for 8 years to Ernst, Hindrich Johann's son, and his wife Sophia.  The rent consisted of (a long list of farm related things and livestock).  In 1617 and again in 1621 the name Johann Henrichs is added to the contract.  The financial register of 1633 introduces the name Johann Korte (probably the same one who married Ursula Richardes in 1628 (see my male line on the genealogy page), which is the first time he (or a Korte) is officially seen on Henrichs' farm documents.  There after these names appear as residents of the farm:

 

1649-Johann Korte;Bernhard & wife Gretha and son Johann.

1664-Bernt (Bernhard??) Korte (& wife Margaretha Kampman)

1685-Peter Korte,his wife Clara (Steckebrock) and son, Johan Englebert (trace all these names in my male-line on the genealogy page)  They also used the last name of Henrichs.

 

Peter Korte appears in 1686,1689, and 1695 documents as Peter Henrichs.  It is officially recorded on December 30th, 1717 that Peter Korte and his wife Klara acknowledge that the pastor in Schoenholthausen gave them 24 Taler (Dollar) in Memorial after the deaths of Peter Spielmann and Tonnes Alckman.

 

Peter Korte's son, Johan Engelbert Korte then later married Katherine Boge from Duenschede in 1712 and had six children but he died on 27 Aug 1727 and she then later married Anton Spielmann from Borbecke in 1729 and had three more.  The family estate however stayed with Johann Englebert Henrichs-Korte's decendants (including Johan Jodokus Henrichs-Korte who later took the Kraushaar name upon marriage) and they maintained posession of the farm which in 1806 was valued at 405 Reichstaler (Dollars) (Note: Johan Jodokus Henrichs Korte, as stated above, took the last name Kraushaar when he married Maria Elizibeth Kraushaar, and SOME family members immigrated to the Banat, Hungary in the late 1700's, while other family members stayed in Deutmecke. One who stayed was a son of Johan Jodokus Korte-Kraushaar and his name was Christoph Korte B:26 Aug 1753 D:31 OCT 1831 who apparently did not use the Kraushaar name as those who went to the Banat did).  Franz Anton Korte liquidated the property in 1875, donating an annual sum of 2,771 Marks and 58 Pennies, with a tax of 110 Marks and 86 Pennies that helped support the All Holy Vicary, church,pastorate and church school in Attnedorn.

 

Kraushaar & Rinke - The Kraushaar and Rinke farm was really one and the same.  The property originally consisted of 2 neighboring farms.  Jacob Kraushaar sublet one from Schnellenberg and one from the All-Holy Church in Attendorn.  As a result the pastor of the church held property was able to rename it the Rinke Farm in 1786 (This would have been about the time Johan Jodokus Henrichs-Korte Kraushaar's family members left for the Banat).  Johannes Kraushaar was legally forced to give up portions of the farm because of debt.  The Rinke farm was then leased to Mathias Poeggler in 1788.

 

Apparently the Kraushaar properties had been in the family since at least 1524, when Heinemann Cruishair owned about 12 hectars of land.  In 1535 however the properties name was changed to Heinemann Rinke. On January 18th 1540 a portion of this Rinke property was leased to Schnellenberg by Johann Loer, the Vice Curator of the church in Schoenholthausen.  in 1543 and again in 1550 Jacob Kraushaar was named (as a witness?), then on January 20th 1557 Heinemann Rinke is on the list as a witness.  In the 1563 financial register Jacob's name is changed to Heinemann Kraushaar and von Schnellenberg leases his own property for eight years to this same Heinemann Kraushaar and his wife Judith.  Heinemann Kraushaar's sister Grete married Jacob Sommerhoff from Ostentrop in 1561 (or possibly 1567). In 1617 Richard Kraushaar appears for the first time.

 

On April 17th, 1629 Schnellenburg transfers the lease to Johann Stael v. Holstein because Richard Kraushaar owed him 400 Reichstaler.  Richard was forced to vacate the farm.  The last renter was Engelbert Kraushaar and his wife Grethe in 1649. Thereafter it's registered as the property of Johan Adam von Bruch and his wife Hermanna Margarethe Stael von Holstein.  But then Hermanna Margarethe's father in law bought the loan on the Kraushaar farm in 1670 and he then rented it to Hans Kraushaar.  After that in 1685 Johann Kraushaar and his wife Lisa (probably AKA Elisibeth??, then they would be Anton's parents) took possession of the farm and after that there were various attempts by different people to buy the farm, most notably Berhard von Schnellenberg in 1743, but that apparently NEVER happened and the Kraushaar's remained in possession of the farm for years into the future.  The next in line to take possession then was Johan's son Anton. (Note: a record in 1717 listed the farm residents as Anton Kraushaar & his wife Elisabeth, his sisters Clara and Maria as well as his brothers Johan and Engelbert.  It would have been about this time between 1716-1732 that Anton's six daughters were born).

 

According to the text "Aus dem Rechnungsuch der St Agatha Kapelle Deutmecke 1715-1834" which translates into "The financial records of St Agatha Church-Deutmecke 1715-1834" paragraph 5 page 231: Johan Casper Steckbrock, the son of Anna Maria Schulte-Avermann and Johan Steckbrock Jr. married Anna Maria Kraushaar (Anton's third oldest daughter) and left the farm to their daughter, Maria Catherina Kraushaar-Steckebrock, who married Johann Franz Wichtmann in 1774.  The descendants of this union Steckebrock-Wichtmann, still own the property in Deutmecke today.  (Although it's not explained in the text in 1875 an Anton Wichtmann donated (sold) a large portion of the farm to the Choir chapter in Attendorn for the sum of 398 Marks and 50 pennies.)

 

.

Kraushaars' in the Deutmecke area were:

 

Anton Kraushaar (see above) who married Anna Gertrud Willecke-Rhode from Fretter. His daughter Maria Elizibeth married Johann Jodokus Henrichs-Korte of Duetmecke in 1739.  He took the Kraushaar name.  Their son Johan married Anna Catherina Schmittgen of Elspe in 1768. In 1786 Johan and Anna lived on the farm when it was reduced in size due to a court ruling over a dowry debt and portions of it became the Rinke farm (see above).  Johan and Anna immigrated to Hungary (Hatzfeld,Banat) after they sold THEIR portion to the  *Kramer (Kremer) family of Schoenholthausen (They apparently took his father Johan Jodokus & family too).   Apparently Anna Maria Kraushaar-Steckebrock and her husband retained the smaller Kraushaar farm.  Although it's not explained in the text in 1875 an Anton Wichtman (Kraushaar decendant) donated (sold) a large portion of the farm to the Choir chapter in Attendorn for the sum of 398 Marks and 50 pennies.

 

*Note - Schoenholthausen records indicate a marriage about 1700 between Johann Korte (b:1684 d:12 Jun 1723) & Clara Kramer (d:04 Feb 1748) further indicating both families had been in the area for quite sometime.

 

 An excerpt from Fremde in Westfalen. Westfalen in der Fremde.  Zur Geschichte der Ein - und Auswanderung von 1200 bis 1950. (The History of Immigration In and Out of Westphalia 1200-1959) By Gilbert Strotdrees

Five cows, 15 sheep, 1 pig and 1 goat Anton Poggel calls his own. He lives in Kückelheim in 1760 as a small farmer. With those few animals he does not belong to the poorest people in the village, but life is still hard.. Then he and the other poor farmers heard rumors about Queen Maria Theresia in Austria, that she would await them with open arms in her country.

So many families make the long trip to the Banat. They have been promised land for free, help for building their houses and so on.

The Pastor of Eslohe noted on 30 April 1765 that Anton Poggel married Maria Margarete Bloyink. Only three days later he noted that they have gone to Hungary. The sister of Poggel goes with them. Between 1764 and 1772 1800 people from the Sauerland region left for the Banat.

 

(Now the author explains what the Banat looked like)

Jacob Struck from Mecklinghausen was a soldier in the army of the Austrians, He settled already shortly  after1718 , when Prinz Eugen fought the Turks (Ottoman Empire) in Vienna.

The Austrian government said: Only when there are people, the taxes will come from this land , which was nearly abandoned  after the war between the Turks and the Austrians.

Spanish, Serbian farmers,  Hungarians and people from Romania are also coming to the region to farm and homestead.

Starting in the 1720 s most of the Germans left from southwest Germany. ( So they were called Banater Schwaben)

 

From 1722 to 1726 twenty families from Drolshagen and Wenden are the first from the Sauerland region to go.

 From 1752 to 1753 around 100 families follow them.

The peak was reached in 1764 to1772. By that time 382 families From the Sauerland went to Hungary. It might have been even 450.  Most of them came from the villages around Olpe and Drolshagen and the region Attendorn, Eslohe, and  Schmallenberg.

Very well paid agents from Austria came through the villages to try to bait and entice people to the Banat in Hungary.

But also the colonists themselves are advertising for Hungary. Some came back to the Sauerland to sell their land and so on.  When they went back to the Banat, they would take relatives, friends and neighbors with them. The local government in the Sauerland calls them seducers, as they do not want people to leave the Sauerland.. In 1766 in the churches the priests read the order from the government, that 25 percent of the capital and equity of those who leave will be confiscated. by the government. The agents of Queen Maria Theresia of Austria are even supposed to be killed.when they come to entice people to the Banat.  The government fears, that there are not enough workers left on the farms anymore.

             But as there is no work, no money, no future, the people do not care. The Kaiserin wakes too many hopes for these poor people of the farmer under class but can not deliver on the promises.

(Now the author gives the example of a poor farmer)

Heinrich Tilmann (called Zenger) left with his family from the village Kückelheim (10 kilometer from Deutmecke.) He was the owner  of 1 goat,  10 sheep and 3 cows. The 20-year-old Anton Wagner, who was the son of a tailor, went with him.

( Now he speaks about the reasons and why people left the Sauerland.)

Those, who did not have any property left, because they wanted to become free. The owners of farms left, because they were indebted. That was not the fault of the farmers, but the Kurkölnische government. The aristocracy does not have to pay any taxes and the citizens in the cities only pay 19 percent tax.  81 percent of all the tax income is from the farmers. So they don’t have any reserves.  Many farms were ruined or deep in debt and that was the main reason for leaving.

(Now the example of Poggel, how they managed to get to Banat.)

On 2 May they leave the village. With 12 families they are making a trek. They are going in the direction of Fulda and from there to Bamberg  then via Nürnberg to Regensburg. A ship then brings them via the Donau (Danube) to Vienna.  This first part of the journey takes them 1 month.

On 29 May they have to register in Vienna. Every family gets 6 gulden. After a short rest, they take the ship again and reach at the end of June Tschanad..

 

 

Farm and Tax traditions in the Sauerland

 

This is from church and town records of Schoenholthausen and Finnentrop.  The first three pages I was able to loosely translate to get the general meaning so that one can see the tax system on the farmers and the role the church played during that era.  The rest of the pages were done with an internet translation program and really will not make much sense to you but it mainly tells about how certain pieces of property and farms in the area were exchanged and inherited.  The Kraushaar name appears toward the end and I have also learned the name Schwarte is associated somehow with the Kraushaar name much like Korte is associated with the Henrichs farm…

 

Deliveries and taxes from the Middle Ages to the 19th Century is  in the form of money taxes much as we have it today, or as Naturalabgaben (natural things such as livestock or materials, as it was for more than 5,000 years. Sometimes unscrupulous leaders at the expense of the public took deliveries and taxes. It began in the old times with the delivery tax of one tenth but already at present the rural farmer has half of the income devoured by deliveries and taxes. The collection of taxes encountered resistance, above all not rarely if the concerning were simply overtaxed by the height and the multiplicity of the deliveries. The following remarks are to give an overview, with whatever delivering and fiscal charges our ancestors were confronted in preserving history. The basic tax rule delivery was justified in the basic rule. This was a medieval form of tax of the large-land properties, with which only one part of the land was managed by a manager or Gentleman. The other larger part of the Laendereien was assigned to independent farmers for their own use. But the farmers, also mentioned, paid to Kolone (the Kolonatsabgaben), a kind of lease. It was usually paid by converted material assets, later in addition, partly in money. Frequently the Kolonatsabgaben also provided Frondienste, such as driving and cart services, Maehdienste as well as work inputs of the Kolonen and their relatives. The use contracts were usually issued for 7 or 8 years and held in writing in Gewinnotteln. One called the procedure: a yard (farm) in profit gift. With conclusion of a contract, beside the Kolonatsabgaben, a profit of money was agreed upon, which was paid either uniquely for the duration of the production or in annual rates. The Naturalabgaben consisted of what was gained in the agriculture of the yard. That was hard grain (rye, barley and oats). Also a pig was usually added, the one weight of about 100 Pounds. Chickens were nearly always a component of the deliveries. One differentiated between lease chickens, interest chickens and Fastelo wendhuehnern (fast turning chickens). Also one found wax and hemp frequently in the delivery books, in which the basic gentlemen supervised the delivery loyalty and on-time departure performance of their Kolonen. Settlement date was in each case was  yearly. The height of the deliveries depended on for instance  the size of the yard and the productivity of the Laendereien (estate). But conclusions of the height of the deliveries on the size of the yard (farm) are only conditionally permissible. Many Heggener farmers stood in reason relation to noble houses (Noble families)  like the house of Ahausen. Other farms belonged to churches or monasteries. Further details on the Kolonatsabgaben of the Heggener farmers are to be found in the contributions to the individual farms. The profit money amounted to usually 7 Reichsthaler; in addition a right money came at a value of 1 Reichsthaler. The hereditary subservience of the farmers was waived in Prussia on 09.10.1807. The decree over the relieved possession and the free use of the real property meant that there should be only free farmers starting from Martinitag 11.11.1810. The verdict over the adjustment of property- and rural conditions of the 14.September 1811 implementation: All current owners of those hereditary farms and the possessions and private goods, of half farms or whole farms, or farms owned by religious domains, will belong to the property of their farms and transferred under the obligation, the property goods for it, as ordered are, to be compensated. The property goods should be compensated for the property of the farms and the service deliveries, if the subjects the third part of their Gutslaen dereien all transfers and on all extraordinary supports renouncement would be carried out. When the Sauerland had become Prussian in 1816, that applied for 54 deliveries and taxes from the Middle Ages to in 19. In Hessen the Kolonate was abolished by law. The law had become not yet become effective however, as long as the preserving gene was Hessian. That redeemed most Heggener farmers and took place very many years later. A replacement order of 18.06.1840 specified that the Kolonatsabgaben and services of the farmers should be converted into a monetary value. The replacement money, which is to be carried out from the farmer to the Gentleman, should be the 18 1/2 subject amount of the calculated monetary value. As far as the farmers were not able to pay the high replacement funds a credit grundbuchlich, which could be secured was granted to them. A part of the 1855 accomplished separations of the Ahauser Kolonate in preserving gene: Count of Spee archives Ahausen, div. Documents Michael friend: German history, Bd. 7 the Bertelsmannreihe gentleman-weight the free farmer clung as whole for the fulfilment of public services. They were united to enjoy work and selected their setting comrades (union?). These put all downward gradients and services gentleman-weight and the extraordinary Schatzungen proportionately on each requiring free one over. They selected a land farmhand, who, confirmed by the Drosten, had to draw in and exhaust which compute individual downward gradients. Free farmers paid gentleman-weight as obligation opposite the owner and manager of free county or another lay authority. It sat down together from various services and deliveries: - May and Herbstbede, a kind reason and rate - Foderbede (fodder interest) - Foherbede (driving interest) - Meggergeld (Maehdienstzins) - Verthetigungsgeld (defense interest) - purchase oats - Bedehafer - smoke oats to pay (for each fire place) - Gohafer (oats portion to the Gogericht) - in addition: Gentleman smoke chickens - hand and clamping services for the maintenance of attachment plants and land development of national wonderful goods - hunt services there it in preserving gene and Sange starting from the 16th Century probably gave no free farmers more and in Old Finnentrop, only the lowest property at this time was "freely bilsteinisch" still, is here on does not gentleman-weight not more in greater detail to be received. The word tenth leads itself off from latin word decem = ten. Tenth is a delivery of the gross profit, predominantly in material assets, original the tenth part. One can look back on the Biblical age. All tenth in the country, both of the seed of the country and of the fruits of the trees, are to the gentleman and the gentleman should be holy. Thus it stands in the 3.Book of Mose 27,30. Also the Greeks used one tenth. As an individual aristocrat at different places Tyran nis (despotism), introduced they justified one regularly income taxes: tenth. They built for it temples, water pipelines and roads, spent the money in addition, on mercenaries and attachment plants and financed their celebrations with one tenth tax. In the Jewish temple state the population paid a so-called tenth for her Leviten (temple servant) and further Naturalabgaben for the priests. Among the merowingischen and karolingischen rulers of the Franconia realm there was census regalis, frequently also as tenth designated, a lease-similar delivery, which amounted to approximately 10 per cent of the yield. The policy of the Frankish rulers to integrate Saxonian trunks into the Frankish realm andChristians, found their legal basis in the law work "Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae" (earliest gesetzes-sammlung for the Frankish gaus), developed around the year 782. § the general tenth obligation in Saxonia regulated 17. The Karolingische legislation introduced an obligation of the building of churches and the churches with plentiful reason and soil and a generous tenth right to their maintenance. Each church was associated farm inhabitants and the countryside  to give and have, one hundred twenty people each, an aristocrat, and free and dependent farmers give(assigned) to the church a farmhand and a farm servant. ... likewise it was determined according to God, a requirement that all must deliver one tenth of their property and yield of their work to their churches and priests. The delivery, which the Pfarreien of the Dekanates had to pay RK-TENDORN around 1310 to the archbishop from Cologne to, called itself decimarum - (Zehnt)2. the few examples specified here is to be recognized, how confusing the term tenth was used, particularly since the tenth could be sold, exchanged or pawned like a material commodity. Thus the tenth authorization changed frequently from more in the church into lay hand and in reverse. For the first time we experience over the tenth of preserving gene from a document from 18 November 1355. Therein recorded Randolph of Keygellere that he its tenth (the right to raise tenth - d.Verf.) to Ahausen in the Kirchspiel Dusenschure (Duenschede), which in its tenth to Heyen belongs, at Mr. Hei denrik van Plettenbracht, who lives to Finnentrop (Altfin nentrop), for 14 Marks eynen guden gulden alden scolds, tho rekene for driger Penninge myn dan eyne halue marc sold. The document carries the seal of Hermann van Heyen, Knappe, who agrees as right inheritance tenth mentioned the sales beside the seal of the exhibitor. The tenth of preserving gene was a Lehen the Kolle giatkirche pc. George in Cologne. Leaning carrier was the family of Heygen, which of the count Gottfried IV. of Arnsberg occasionally had farms, fishery -, meal and administrative laws. As long as the main male line of those from Heygen resided in preserving gene (male line), the tenth lay probably completely in the possession of the family. But the tenth from preserving gene was and remained an article of verpfaendungen, erbteilungen and transfers. On 16 February 1445 Wede kint from Heyen and its wife Meene sold to that Gocke len Hegener one annually on Cathedra Petri due pension of a Malter oats from their small tenth to preserving gene. With the extension, expansion and splintering of the family at the beginning of the 15th Century must have gone the tenth into division. The sources report of a three-division tenth. On 17 July Dechant and chapters of pc. George record 1427 in Cologne that them Diderich Rump (Rump was a noble family in the area), the deceased Rutger Rumps son, with that 3. Part tenth to Heyen and its Zubehoerungen, convenient in the Attendorn, for 4 Marks of Cologne currency belehnen. 114 years later in the  5th edition  Hermann Rump records,. Hermann’s  son received the third part tenth approximately annually to Heyen in the vesten 4 Marks Cologne currency due to Attendorn of the Capitel pc. Georgen in Cologne on Martinitag (November 11th) to Lehen. How the tenth came into the possession of the Rumps, is not understood from the documents. Relations may have led to it. The other 2/3 tenth from the reversionary heirs of the house Heygen had changed over to Bamenohl to the line from Heygen to eternal. Johann 56 deliveries and taxes from the Middle Ages to in 19th Century from Heygen to preserving gene (male line), * 1510, the Gentleman of the manor eternal and by marriage with Anna von Wrede, Erbin and Inhaberin of the goods to Amecke, gave its portion of tenth to his sister Margarethe as Brautschatz, as these 1544 Christoffel to Ahausen in heirated This transmission after the early death of the Christoffel (?1545) was cancelled probably. Because on 25 September recorded 1550 Johann of Heygen that he received from Dechant and chapter 2/3 of a tenth to George in Cologne to preserving gene equal its Voreltern, for which he must pay annually 8 Marks of Coelnisch payments (Cologne currency). A few years later were this 2/3 portions tenth of preserving gene already again in the hands of the house Ahausen. On 10. April 1570 recorded Hermann von Newenhove to Ahausen that it had been belehnt by the Kollegiatkirche pc. George to Cologne with 2/3 tenth to Heyen, as already deceased Johann Heygen had brother-in-law and ancestors to Lehen. He had to pay for it on Remeisz or Martinitag  8 Marks of Cologne currency or for each Mark of "6 more rader albus". Hermann to Ahausen was endeavored obviously very much to also still acquire the remaining third tenth. Hermann Rump asked in 1571 to the Wenne its leaning Gentlemen to hang their seal to the letter by which it its 3. Part lehnruerigen tenth to Heigen had sold to the Hermann from Newenhove to Ahausen. On 6 May 1572 this confirmed the purchase, by recording that he had bought the third part tenth to Heigen in the Kirchspiel and Gogericht Attendorn, and that he had the other two thirds already of Kolle giatkirche pc. George in Cologne to Lehen. It asked now also with the third third to be belehnt. This Belehnung was confirmed on 09.06.1572. Starting from this time the owners of Ahausen were the tenth gentlemen in the preserving gene (male line). William of Newenhove to Ahausen probably went into financial difficulties, when he  borrowed on  16.11.1600 800 Reichstaler from  Hermann von Grevenstein and he  used it for two tenth to Sange and Heiggen granted. From a document of the Gogerichts of Attendorn from the year 1602 we know that Wilhelm von Newehoven for the tenth of preserving gene paid 500 Reichstaler obtained, experience for from Sange 450 the Reichstaler. 164715 the Dechant of pc. George sold in Cologne a tenth to preserving gene, whom so far W. von Neu-enhof had, to whom inheriting and tenth successor Johann Moritz of unfortunate. To 09.08.166316 - in Ahausen sat since 1642 from unfortunate to Grevenstein - certified Henning the Christian of it harm that the village residents of Heygen and Sange leased there tenth from 1663 on for annually 5 Malter each rye and barley and 14 Malter oats together with 2 Thalern, for which Jacob Gante and George Stenart had committed themselves. Over tenth repeated between the tenth gentleman and the tenth-requiring one argued and one prozessiert. Three years long (1755-1758)17 lasted a process, which baron of harms, Ahausen, against which led tenth-requiring of preserving gene and Sange. Tenth-requiring in this time were: Trained, Gante, Gronert, Schurmann, Pliester, Witte, and weber of preserving gene; in Sange were tenth requiring: Froelling, schwarte, Valckemann (Halleke), Wilmes, Korth and Sangermann. Gerodeten forest and wood soils went around the tenth obligation from fields again put on on. Another time complained of unfortunate against the tenth-requiring Henrich Boehner, Schmidt, Webers, Kraushaar and Singmann, it would have the fruits under leaving 10. partly, but without previous inspection by a representative tenth gentlemen eingefahren.17 against the fact complained the tenth-requiring that the tenth A driver tears the best sheaves from the staircases and even only from fertilized country in the year 1800 leased the tenth erhebe.17 Ferdinand Radema more cher towards. Henze of Ahausen Laendereien on that hair and the Darre, their tenth liberty he expressly certify themselves leaving in the middle 19. Century the tenth right and the tenth obligation were abolished after nearly 500 years duration by the separation law. Sources and literature: 1 A. Hoemberg: The medieval Pfarrsystem koelnischen Westphalia - Westphalia 29, 1951, S.31 2 A. Hoeynck: To the history of the Dekanie Attendorn - Westfaeli sche magazine 44, 1886 3 inventory count of Spee archives Ahausen I, Nr.16, S.14 4 ebd., I Nr.134, S.53 5 ebd., I Nr.397, S.149 6 ebd., I Nr.404, S.151/152 and VI Nr.8 7 ebd., I Nr.425, S.159 8 ebd., I Nr.495, S.185 9 ebd., I Nr.505, S.188 and VI Nr.8, S.378 10 ebd., VI Nr.8, S.379 11 ebd., I Nr.508, S.189 and VI of the Nr.8, S.379 12 ebd., I Nr.174, S.64 13 ebd., VI Nr.8, S.379 14 ebd., I Nr.579, S.222 15 ebd., I No., S. 16 ebd., VI Nr.8, S.380 17 ebd., VI Nr.8, S.380 literature to the topic: Uwe Schulz - publishers -: With tenth it began - a culture history of the tax 57 history the wax interest rent and tenth was not the only loads, which were imposed upon to the farmer. All 30 farmers of the peasantry preserving gene had to give a wax interest to the parish church in Attendorn. The wax delivery amounted to 1 Pound of yellow wax annually, so that each every 30 years 1 Pound wax to produce had. Because of insignificance this delivery came frequently into oblivion and had to be in-complained, how a note reports from 7 November 1855 in the Pfarrarchiv Attendorn. The minister of the parish church was that the wax delivery 1855 with 15 Tha learn, that was therefore glad for each farmer with 15 silver groschens, to be replaced could. The wax interest goes back on one in the Middle Ages mainly into Westphalia spread form from Hoerigkeit. The Wachszinsigen, also Altarhoerige, called their name from which wax interest receive, which they had to put annually on the altar of their schutzheiligen. The Wachszinsigkeit was a personal protection relationship from less-free people to a holy one, the patron of a church or also to an individual altar. The wax-subject to the payment of interest were to a certain extent Schutzhoerige of the church. wax zinsigkeit developed either by release from low conditions or by birth, if parents were wax subject to the payment of interest or by freiwilli-gen transition to this obligation. So much for the explanation of a quite complicated medieval legal relation. The wax interest, that our ancestors still into the center 19. Century carried out, certainly very much of its medieval importance had lost and was probably only a customary law. Source: - Pfarrarchiv Attendorn, A 53, 361 - literature to the topic: Heinrich Beerbaum: The wax interest right in the southern Westphalia up to 14. Century - 1913 measuring oats a further delivery which can be paid to the church was measuring oats. It was set as a function of the size and productivity of a yard differently highly and amounted to between 1 quarter (ca.20 litre) and 2 Mudde (ca.135 litre). In the Pastoratsrentenbuch of 1658 - 1693 of the parish church St.Johannes Baptist Attendorn is specified all delivery-requiring of preserving gene and Sange. At the same time this note for each yard gives additional information about the ownership structure, those situation in the village and the condition: Guth too preserve towards so after Ahausen gehordt, give jahrligh to pasto rath a mudde haberen... the new trained Joannes Plister trained. Before this on it gewohnet, is on it become impoverished. Kraushaar too preserve towards diss Kraushaar’s guth gehordt to the Closter Drolshagen, gives jahrlig to pastorath a mudde haberen. Cutter gutthgen is small a Kotter guetgen, gehordt gantz allodial to pastorath, give jahrlig two quarters more messhaber. Afermans guth is a large guth, gehordt to the house fast mountain gives a mudde more messhaber jahrlig. Heller guth too preserve towards is largely guth, gehordt after Ahausen, gives jahrlig to pastorath zwo the mudde more messhaber. Gante to preserving gene is chorhern guth, gives jahrlig to pastorath to Attendorn the mudde more messhaber. (1658 to 1690 the Colon in place of even guilty measuring oats into the Bauernschaften preserving gene and Ennest with own horse and car in-collected and to the Pastorat to Attendorn drove measuring oats.) Gronert too preserve towards gehordt to the Closter Gallilea, gives a mudde messha more ber. Schurmans guth too preserve towards ligth mittzen in the village straight under the Kirchhoff, gehordt after Ahausen, give jahrlig to pastorath the mudde more messhaber. The Colon auff dissem guth is becomes impoverished (1690). Peter Schurman has more widder gewun to nen 1691. Hentzen guth too preserve towards gives a mudde more messhaber. Current Colonus William Hentze. Plisters guth too preserve towards gehordt to the house boiling castle, gives a mudde more messhaber. Kropmans guth too preserve towards 58 deliveries and taxes from the Middle Ages to in 19. Century is gehordt and first guth in dorff, to pfarr kirch within Attendorn, gives jahrlig to pastorath at more messhaber zwo quarters. Weifers guth too preserve towards is more koetter guth, gehordt to pastorath the too Kirch veischede, gives 2 quarter more messhaber. Witten guth true up itzo Johan Witte live, guth gehordt to the noble house borrowing living, give a mudde measuring more haber. King guth too preserve towards a small Kotterguth, light unden beside dorff at sides auff more uber after Ahausen in addition, gives ees pension to those capell too preserve towards. Sangerman to Sange guth gehordt too beneficio of the S. Francisci et Santa Clarae, gives jahrlig to pastorath the mudde measuring more haber. Deckers guth directly under prescribed Sangermans guth, is small more kotter guth, ligt mitzen in dorff to the roads, gives jahrlig to pastorath the 3 quarter, with my time Deckers guth, because a Stroedecker gewondt on it, was genendt, more messhaber. Froligs guth to Sange is small more kotter guth, ligt that all and first in dorff, gives jahrlig to pastorath the quarter messha more ber. Colonus is Peter Frolig. Willemes guth to Sange is a large guth, gehordt hern the Vicariis S.Nicolai, gives jahrlig half more malter more missehaber... Junkeren guth to Sange so all necht under prescribed guth ligt, gives jahrlig a mutte more messhaber. Diss guth gehordt after Ahausen. It is before my time also alnoch weust purging guth, which more gebraucher however, whose three are in Sange, have all Zeith the jahrelige missaticum paid. Schwarten guth to Sange to house fast mountain is largely guth, gehordt, gives jahrlig to pastorath the mudde more haber. Peter Schwarte colonus. Bichen is more largely hopes, gehordt to the house fast mountain, truely itzo auff lives Stoffel to Bichen; a mud de gives more messhaber. Starting from 1677 Herman to Bichen. Source: Pfarrarchiv Attendorn, Pastoratsrentenbuch 1658-1693 of the parish church pc. Johannes Baptist Attendorn deliveries to the chapel to preserving gene measuring oats was to be exhausted to the parish church in Atten thorn, which was responsible also for the places preserving gene and Sange. For the chapel in preserving gene led a Provisor the invoice book, the so-called chapel book. When with a conflagration in Atten thorn all documents and documents had been destroyed over pending debts opposite the chapel to preserving gene, all debtors were loaded on 11 May 1743 to the Gogreven to Attendorn, in order to log in the presence of the Kapellenprovisors Berndt Witte debts and hypotheken again. Excerpts from minutes: Johan Hentze 33 ss Johan Hentze indicated that he would have to pay annue (annual) three and thirty ss (Schillings) at pensions of the complaining chapel, whether such were to be omitted, or not, does not know, earlier possessor (owners) the Henzen of property it must pay such annue, would be at pensions to nothing backwardly. Christoffel Graunert 13ss Christofferus Graunert daselbsten showed to evenly in the same way that possessor bonorum (landowners) from the Graunerts property had to pay 13 ss annue, plera nesciebat (he did not know more). Johan Peter Kropman 3 realm place Johan Peter Kropman daselbsten say even in the same way, possessor the Kropmans of property annually 3 realm place had to pay. William cutter 27 ss... and would have to pay the owner of the cutter of property from this annually a half Reichsthaler or 27 Petermaen more ger or ss. Peter Froeling 10 Petermaenger Peter Froeling daselbsten indicated evenly selbiges, whom the early owner from the Froelings property annue 10 Petermaenger had to pay. Johannes Schuerman 3 Petermaenger Johannes Schuerman daselbsten said that it had to pay all years 3 Petermaenger from the property, could not not say whether such would be out soluble or not ". Source: City archives Attendorn: Chapel book preserving gene

 

The Schatzungen also the lay authority needed for the covering of the expenditures for representation and the expenditures for administration and security of the country money. Above all military conflicts devoured as much money that the income from coming ral goods (state goods) was not sufficient and was written out Schatzungen: Kopfschatzungen, Viehschatzun towards, Rauchschatzungen u.v.a.m. The head treasure, with which we want to deal here, was in approximately comparable with a modern tax. The appointment of this tax depended mainly after the financial position to taxing, partly in addition, on the size of its possession. Some the still existing tax lists of the peasantry preserving gene are to be added as examples.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A mention of the 30 Years War

 

After the 30 Years War the Shulte farm in Bausenrode is not in good condition, so thr following legendmay only be true in part. It is told: Schulte' in Bausenrode experienced almost  daily the fact that the Swede’s were  close and dreadfully robbed and plundered the countryside. (this must have been in the year 1632, in which besieged Sweden was in Attendorn.) In order to protect the farm before the wild soilders arrived, they took all their table-ware from the cabinets and smashed and trampled it in and in front of the house. When then Swede’s  came Schulte' sat crying and in pain-complaining on the rubble of his glory and sought for the soldiers see that make that other soldiers already had been there, and they would have robbed it of everything to reason. They would like to leave the last remainders nevertheless. The Swedish soldiers had compassion and took off again. The author Willi Voss tells the legend, as if those would have let Sweden the yard unchallenged.

 

Note: The Thirty Years' War was fought between 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of today's Germany, and involved most of the major European powers.[2] Beginning as a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire, it gradually developed into a general war involving much of Europe, for reasons not necessarily related to religion.[3] The war marked a continuation of the France-Habsburg rivalry for pre-eminence in Europe, which led later to direct war between France and Spain.

The major impact of the Thirty Years' War, in which mercenary armies were extensively used, was the devastation of entire regions scavenged bare by the foraging armies. Episodes of widespread famine and disease devastated the population of the German states and, to a lesser extent, the Low Countries and Italy, while bankrupting many of the powers involved. The war may have lasted for 30 years, but the conflicts that triggered it continued unresolved for a much longer time. The war ended with the Treaty of Münster, a part of the wider Peace of Westphalia.

 

Over the course of the war, the population of the German states was reduced by about 30%;[4] in the territory of Brandenburg, the losses had amounted to half, while in some areas an estimated two-thirds of the population died. Germany’s male population was reduced by almost half. The population of the Czech lands declined by a third. The Swedish armies alone destroyed 2,000 castles, 18,000 villages and 1,500 towns in Germany, one-third of all German towns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                              

                                   Hatzfeld Summary

 

This is the Hatzfeld History from 1766 to 1916.  After the mass German migration to the Banat in the late 1700’s homesteading and farming, this region became known as “The Breadbasket of Europe”. Franz Kaufmann wrote the following history excerpt for Mueller-Thoresse-Pheder as part of the official program book of the 150th memorial celebration of Hatzfeld, Hungary in 1916 (now Jimbolia, Romania).  It is a rough translation by my late father Joseph P Kraushaar:

 

                                    Part I-Our Anniversary Year-1916

                        

On Whitsunday is the 150th anniversary of the day on which the settlers of this community reached their long desired destination.  It was a long and difficult 7-week trip.  On June 11th, 1766 Johann Wilhelm von Hildebrand reported to the state administration in Temesvar that Pastor Sebastian Plenkner had arrived with his German settler families.  For us, the descendents, the 100th memorial day in 1866 could not be celebrated openly due to the war against Italy and Prussia.  Today our situation is even more oppressive than then because so many of our relatives have been out in the field (war) for the last 22 months to insure a better future for us, while we at home can hardly manage the economic difficulty that war brings.  Even if we have to forgo this year’s celebration we will not let the occasion pass without thinking of our forefathers and their willingness to work hard.  With this, they laid the foundation of the wealth of our community today.  From the following story we can learn how, and with what unbelievable difficulty the settlement was done.  Faith, courage and a willingness to work hard made us overcome obstacles.  After 100 years and many deaths people have finally adapted to the climate of the NEW homeland, as health now is mostly satisfactory.  The older folks can tell us about the big changes that have come with time.  When they talk about the "good old days" we should not take it literally for when the old folks look back they only see their own youth in a rosy light and the hopes of today’s young people as a delusional deception.  This anniversary will be a welcome occasion to look at the past and present and discuss a better future, so that we may make more and more revenue from new development.  In spite of all the private wealth, the community has stayed poor.  We must create new jobs and possibilities for those willing to work or we will lose them to other places, or worse yet, America.  The fact is over 1000 already find work outside of this community.  Industry is offering immeasurable sources of employment and the railroad makes it easy to deliver thousand of shingles to

 

Siebenburgen and Bulgaria.  The work force is our most precious treasure.  We must be amazed at the foresight of Queen Maria Theresia and her government.  They spent 7 million Gulden to populate the Banatan marsh with German settlers, and replace Schlesien, which was lost in the war.  Reimbursement has been hundredfold through

Banat taxes and will be thousand fold in the future.  The old saying holds true, "if you want to harvest you must also sow".  It will stay that way in the future, but only if we know and speak the Hungarian language so we must teach it to our young.

 

Our grandparents attempted this when in 1858 we sent 12 children to Zenta to learn Hungarian but was soon forgotten after their return home.  When people speak their mind here it is in Schwobish, but we must not forget the high German language, as it will be important for trade and commerce in the future.

 

Seven years ago the most beautiful landmark in the village, the Kalvarienberg (cemetary hill landmark) had to be leveled to make way for the train station.  Unfortunately there is no picture of it anywhere.  That’s why I made a sketch of it from my memory for the front of this program.  My parents house was across from it at the time I started school and it was my favorite playground.

 

                                   

 

                              

                              Part II-About the Settlement

 

Before and after the war of 1756-63, King Friedrich the Great of Prussia, Queen Katharina of Russia and our own Queen Maria Theresia competed to populate sparsely populated areas. The main recruitment area was the overpopulated area of the Rhine.  Since 1718 small and large groups did arrive in the Banat, via Vienna, but died off due to fever.  That’s why the Banat was called the "Grave of the Germans" for most of the 1700's. Until 1766 only the high land was settled and lowland (swamps) used in dry season for hay growing.  Only after the Dutch Dam builder Max Fremont drained the Bega & Temeskanael areas from 1759-1760 could the area be considered for settlement by the Banat state government.

 

Johann Wilhelm von Hildebrand had two jobs. He was the Administrator and in charge of the settlements.  To assist him he had District Administrator Franz Josef Knoll (St. Andras), Comptroller Andreas Laff (Esenad) and Josef Neumann (Lippa) to help and overlook the building of houses until 1765 The population suffered a great deal from floods and fever but in the spring of 1766 the Vienna Bank gave the order to build a new and larger colonist community.  Hildebrand took it upon himself to be in charge of this one.  He chose the formerly swampy low lands of Esombol, Rabi and Peterda. He submitted his idea, building plans etc to Vienna and received permission to proceed.  On the first of March the necessary building materials were beginning to be shipped for building by families that were not permantly settled yet.  In 1763 Queen Maria Theresa had released a new and improved settlement agreement which guaranteed settlers much greater advantages (profits)  She also hired advertising agents in the Rhine area.  The agents in Meinz and Trier were especially efficient and hired carefully selected men to go to the regions small towns and outlying areas to recruit families.  They had to be Catholic, hard working and productive, not the vagrant type.  Most sucessful in the recruitment was Pastor Sebastian Plenkner from Sien.  He convinced his followers to immigrate together and establish a new community in the Banat called Landestreu (faithful to the country) and had to be applied for in Vienna. His permission was granted and he also needed permission to preach in the new settlement, which was granted on March 15th 1766.  The agricultural workers and newly recruited couldn't just up and leave as they had to give notice to their employers, get release papers etc.  So on Georgi day 1766, they met in Mainz and Trier, full of hope & enthusiasm with only a little baggage and small wagons they walked the long journey to the Danube river where ships were waiting to take them to Vienna.

 

 

Most Hatzfelder spoke Moselfraenkisch mixed with a little Sauerisch and Lothringerish.  The French spoken by the people from Luxembourg and Lothringen was so far from the French language as Schwobish was from German.  When the settlers were recruited they had to show proof they had at least 100 Gulden in cash.  From Georgi Day on they received per diem and travel money.  In the old country they acquired agricultural knowledge and diligence.  When the journey started of there was a lot of good fun, bragging and mockery, which later was the cause of arguments.  The 18 men that did the recruiting did not want to obey the strict rules of the preist, whose followers they called Landstreicher (hobos) instead of Landestreuer (faithful countrymen).  The arguments went on day after day and teasing turned into hostility.  Part of the group decided to give their part of the community a different name.  The intention was followed through during a 3-day layover in Vienna. A letter was sent to Graf Karl Friedrich von Hatzfeld (1718-1793) requesting the use of his name for the village, which was granted.  The settlers left Vienna by boats on the 7th of May and after crossing the Hungarian border the rains came and followed with the settlers southwards.  In Pancsova they were quarantined due to an ongoing epidemic and in an act of grace it was shortened from 6 to 4 weeks.  But the sky had no mercy on the future farmers and it rained every day until the 3rd of June followed by a 3 day down pour never seen by the Germans before.  The skys cleared on the 6th of June and then the sun scorched with African intensity, (the sky not clouding over even one day until November).  In May the Bishop asked all to pray for sun, in Oktober he changed it to rain. This was Banat weather!  Each day the settlers became more discouraged.  Coming around Bacska and still on the ship, they couldn't see shore in any direction, yet they knew large colonies had been settled there not long ago.  What happened to them?  The Apitner Hotter (this region) was all water with no border.  Many people became deathly ill from discouragement and the water supply.  The morale was so low during the rainy period that half the settlers were ready to go back.  Plenker told them how embarrassing it would be to return home after 7 weeks and 215 miles with nothing to show for it all.  And they were only 2 days from the final destination they had dreamed of for so long.  When the final march started on the 9th of June only 43 families stayed behind on the ship to return to their homeland.  On the 11th of June 1766 the settlers arrived in the settlement area.

 

The condition of the area was horrific.  In Vienna they were told they could expect to find almost totally completed houses, ready to move into and crops already growing in the fields.  Instead the houses were hardly started and the village nothing but puddles.  The work crew was camped on the hill.  In just over the month the work crew was there 178 of them had already died.  They could not be buried due to the water table so they were covered with ground 2 feet high. 178 mounds.  The first summer crop had been planted but could be seen because of the weeds.  Finishing the houses went fast as all the settlers pitched in and helped and a church was soonafter built and finished in Oktober.  The happy occasion was tarnished however as the swamp fever had struck the area. By December of 1766 a total of 215 of the new arrivals had died and been put to rest in the new homeland.  The following winter was extremely harsh and wolves had to be fought off on many occasions.  For the next year there was endless scandals, accusations, lawsuits, arrests and improper conduct.  In September 1767 Plenkner returned home to Germany after being relieved of duties and left behind a list of IOU's and burial expenses in the amount of 2000 Gulden.  After a better harvest in 1768 people’s moods became better and little by little the farmers became wealthier.  The ones they called hobos renounced the name of their village and on September 14th the 2 villages were united. The following January a new priest by the name of Karol Josef Bretterreich was appointed.  In 1770 flooding came again along with the swamp fever and another 553 people died over a two-year period.  In 1778 Banat was united with Hungary.

 

Until the train could reach the area in 1857, trade was very limited mainly because of poor or non-existent road conditions.  Only the Rumanians somehow managed to bring goods in and trade. For almost 100 years they provided the needed hard and soft woods, materials for baskets, pipes as well as winter and summer fruits.  Big lumber was purchased in Perjamos and other items from Temesvar, which could be reached by good road from Vienna or Pest (BudaPest) Since the train there has been a lot of progress in technology.  The candle replaced the old-fashioned grease light and the fast growth of the economy was due to the women.  Before the days of the train there were over 1000 spinning wheels, today it’s more likely to find 100 pianos rather than 100 spinning wheels.

 

The Hatzfelder has always liked to travel and now days its much faster.  Right after the war you could go by Zeppelin to Budapest in 2 hours, Vienna in 4 and Luxembourg in 10. Small airplanes now visit the village.  Looking back there were happy and sad times, as will be in the future.  May only the best come true!

 

At the Worlds Fair in Leipzig in 1914, I was astonished to find a map with Hatzfeld on it. In large letters it read "Hatzfeld, Pearl of the Banat"!  And strangers wrote this!  Then I remembered Hatzfeld had such an interesting past.  Wonderful families settled there and always mixed with newcomers.

 

Franz Kaufmann

 

 

 

 

 

                      

 

 

                    

 

                       The Hatzfeld Kraushaar Page

 

Johann Herman Kraushaar immigrated to the Banat from Schoenhohlthausen in 1786 with his wife and 9 children (1 was later born in the new Banat homeland), and possibly his father and mother Johan Jodokus and Maria Elisibeth Korte-Kraushaar .  They immigrated from Deutmecke-Schoenholthausen in the county of Meschede  in the Sauerland of Germany after they sold their portion of the Kraushaar farm.  The sister of Maria Elisibeth Korte-Kraushaar who was named Maria Catharina Kraushaar-Steckebrock retained a portion of the Kraushaar farm in Germany and remained there.  Here is my male line through the Hatzfeld era:

 

1) Johan Herman Kraushaar (B: 19 Oct 1740 D:Aug 11th 1795 OR 05-May 1812 in Hatzfeld*) married to Anna Katharina Schmittkins and their children were:

 

    Margaretha Born 4 Feb 1769 in Deutmecke, Died 19 June 1785* in Hatzfeld

    Johan Wilhelm Born 9 January 1770 in Deutmecke, Died 29 Oct 1814 Hatzfeld

    Jacob Jodokus Born 9-2-1772 in Deutmecke

    Johan Franz Born 10-10-1773 in Deutmecke

    Maria Elisibeth Born 3-11-1778 in Deutmecke, Died 30-1-1784* in Hatzfeld

    Maria Gertrud Born 23-3-1781 in Deutmecke, Died 20-12-1802 in Hatzfeld

    Anna Elizibeth Born 1781 in Deutmecke

    Johann Born 16-9-1783 in Deutmecke

    Maria Margaretha Born 1-11-1785 in Deutmecke

    Kaspar Born 29-12-1790 in Hatzfeld. He served in the Austrian Army 61st Infantry Reg.

 

2) Johann Wilhem Kraushaar Born 9 Jan 1770 in Deutmecke, Died 29 Oct 1814 in Hatzfeld married to Margaretha Linster who was born March 26th 1775 in Hatzfeld. Their children were:

 

   (From here on on this page all children were born in Hatzfeld)

 

   Jacob Born 26 Nov 1792** Died 19 Dec 1864 in Hatzfeld

   Margaretha  Born 19 Dec 1794

   Anna Maria Born 25 March 1796  Died 12 May 1796 at age 2 months.

   Anna Maria Born 16 Nov 1797

   Christian Born 23 Feb 1800

   Franz Born 22-9-1801

   Peter Born 20-9-1802

   Nicholaus Born 9-19-1804 Died 15-6-1822 in Hatzfeld

   Teresa Born 8-2-1811 Died 18-8-1812 in Hatzfeld

   Margaretha Born 5-12-1813

 

3) Jacob Kraushaar** Born 26-11-1792 Died 19 Dec 1864 in Hatzfeld married Elisabeth Wesseger Born 4-1-1794 in Hatzfeld Died 9-12-1864 in Hatzfeld. Their children were:

 

   Franz Born 3-11-184, Died 17-2-1834 in Hatzfeld

   Johann Born 4-10-1816

   Nikolaus Born 9-2-1819

   Thomas born 17-12-1820

   Nikolaus Born 26-8-1822 Died 31-7-1836 in Hatzfeld

   Genoveva Born 21-5-1824

   Nikolaus Born 8-28-1828 Died 31-7-1887 in Hatzfeld

   Susanna Born 1829, Died 17-1-1844 in Hatzfeld

   Michael Born 10-8-1830

   Margaretha Born 30-12 1834

   Anna Maria Born 30-12-1834

   Margaretha Maria Born 7-9-1837

 

4) Nickolaus Born 28 Aug 1828, Died 31-7-1887 married Terisia Zappe Born 1827, Died 1880 in Hatzfeld. Their children were:

 

   Theodore Born 29-1-1847

   Margarethe Born 3-12-1849

   Johann Born 3-16-1851

   Kathrina Born 14-4-1854, Died 15-3-1863 in Hatzfeld

   Nikolaus Born 11-11-1856, Died 29-6-1858 in Hatzfeld

   Franz Born 5-3-1860, Died 1932

   Peter Born 18-10-1862

   Mathias Born 13-7-1866

 

5) Franz Kraushaar Born 5-3-1860, Died in 1932 married Anna Hoffler Born 1863, Died in 1947 in Hatzfeld. There children were:

 

   Peter*** B: 11 Nov1890*, Immigrated to USA in 1911, D: 1976 in Cincinnati

 The following were the other children of Franz Kraushaar:

 

   Katherin

   Marishga

   Elizebeth

   Josef

 

  • *Indicates a conflict in dates or places, such as date and place of death according to other research and records.

 

  • ** Jacob Kraushaar was the first Kraushaar baby born in the Banat after the immigration from Germany.  He lived until age 72 in the new frontier called the Banat and was the father of twelve children.  We therefore named my son, Jacob Edvard Kraushaar who was born in 2007 after this man who was my Great, Great, Great grandfather.

 

  • *** Peter was my Grandfather.

 

 

 

Hatzfeld (founded 1766) history is exciting and vibrant, although the Kraushaar family had some difficult times during their 200 year chapter in Hatzfeld.  The Kraushaar family arrived about 1786 in this new Banat frontier in Hungary that was opened in the 1760’s to homesteading by Queen Maria Theresa of the Austrian-Hungarian empire.  Life for the first 100 years was difficult to say the least and many people died from illness.  As you can see, several Kraushaar’s died at a very young age. The Germans who arrived continued the old German tradition of ”Anerberecht” passing entire plots of land and farms in tact down to the oldest son (or daughter if there were no sons).  Younger sons had to work as landless farm workers or in other professions. This contrasted the Hungarian tradition of splitting a farm up between all the children, creating ever-smaller farms with each passing generation. Our family lore suggests that from the time the Kraushaar’s arrived in Hatzfeld they were wealthy farmers, however my Great, Great Grandfather Nikolaus Kraushaar sold his entire farm for a few barrels of wine after a great flood.  Apparently he had become disenchanted with farming.  In order to make great wealth in the Banat one had to own land so the Kraushaar family never really recovered from this incident.  I was never able to verify the incident through records but it was told to my father and I from relatives who lived in Hatzfeld.  The son of Nickolaus (Franz) was the village barber in Hatzfeld as were his sons Franz and Peter (my grandfather) were barbers as well.  In the early 1900’s Hatzfeld became part of Romania.  After World War II the Soviet Union controlled Romania and life once again became difficult for all of the Germans in the hundreds of German towns in the Banat.  Fortunately for me my Grandfather Peter Kraushaar immigrated to America in 1911.  He, like many other Europeans, went to America because there was more opportunity.  Wealthy farmers and the Catholic Church owned Banat land in the early 20th century.  Land that was for sale was expensive. Laborers and craftsmen made a living, but didn’t get rich.  So America was very inviting.  After 1988 the Soviet Union collapsed and all of the Kraushaar’s and almost all other people of German ancestry returned to Germany.

 

                                    Kraushaar Military Service: - Hatzfeld

 

Military Service:

 

THE FOLLOWING KRAUSHAAR'S, FROM HATZFELD, SERVED IN THE AUSTRIAN ARMY 61ST INFANTRY REGIMENT. THESE RECORDS ARE FROM THE AUSTRIAN GRUNDBUCH RECORDS. THEY ARE LISTED BY RECORD NUMBER, NAME, DOB, AND THEN INDUCTION YEAR:

 

#1864KRAUSHAAR,KASPAR 12-29-1790,1813 (Youngest son of Johann Herman Kraushaar & wife Katharina)

 

#1865KRAUSHAAR,MICHAEL 10-8-1830,1850

 

#1866KRAUSHAAR,PETER   8-15-1819, 1851

 

#1867KRAUSHAAR,PETER  ?-?-1818,  1841

 

 

                                       

 

 

 

 

 

                                           

 

 

 

 

                        On to America

 

In 1911 my Grandfather Peter Kraushaar and his brother Franz arrived at Ellis Island from what he used to call “the Old Country” Hungary.   My Grandmother, Anna Focht arrived about the same time with her father Stephan Focht from Perjermos, Hungary.   They all settled in Cincinnati, Ohio where they met, married and had five boys, Joseph, Robert, Frank, Mathew and Carl.   Joseph “Peter” was my Dad and Mathew died at a young age.  It was either when my Grandfather came through Ellis Island or shortly after that an “A” was dropped from the spelling of our last name.  It’s unknown if my Grandfather did this on his own or Immigration officers did this.  My Grandfather and his brother Franz had learned the Barber trade from their father Franz who was the village barber in Hatzfeld, Hungary.  Although things were not terrible in Hungary, they came to America looking for adventure and opportunity.  They eventually opened their own shop in Cincinnati.

 

Joseph (Peter), Robert, Frank and Carl all grew up in Cincinnati and eventually served in the U.S. Military during World War II.  Before the war in 1938 when he was about 23, my Dad Joseph was able to accompany his Uncle and Aunt aboard ship and go to Germany and Hungary and spend about five months with the Hatzfeld relatives.  It was aboard ship that he met his first wife Ruth Wellhoffer from Leutreshausen, a German lady who he married after WWII.  He made good friends with his Hatzfeld cousins that summer.  When the war broke out many of those cousins ended up in the German army.  After the war he married the lady he had met years earlier on board the ship and my sister Christine was born in 1950.  In 1958 he married Betty Ward and I was born in 1960.  My Dad Joseph had three children, Signe, Christine, and me.  I was born in 1960 and we moved to Tucson, Arizona in 1965. 

 

Tucson, Arizona was a wonderful place to grow up and be a young person in the 60’s and 70’s.  Change was in the air as the “Baby Boom” generation was influencing everything from music to politics.  After school I enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1978 and spent several years in the Military Police and the Army’s Criminal Investigation Division stationed in Weurzburg and Schweinfurt, Germany.  Several of the cousins that Dad befriended in Hatzfeld in 1938 had returned to Germany by the time I was stationed there, so I had a lot of family to visit all the time in Germany and nearby in Austria while I was stationed there.   After leaving the Army I returned to Tucson where I attended and graduated from the University of Arizona.  In 1986 I married Vicky Knecht and in 1988 moved to Beaverton, Oregon.  Then in 1992 my oldest child Dominique Marie Kraushar was born.  About 10 years or so later I had our name legally changed back to Kraushaar, the original German spelling.  In 2005 I married Mara Anita Jurisons, of Latvian decent,  and moved across the river to Vancouver, Washington.  Then in 2007 my son Jacob Edvard Kraushaar was born.  We decided to name him Jacob after my Great, Great, Great Grandfather who was the first Kraushaar child born in Hatzfeld after the family arrived there from Deutmecke, Germany in the late 1700’s.  This Jacob surely had to be a strong child and man for Hatzfeld at that time was on the new frontier of the Banat in Hungary.  He went on to have twelve children himself and he lived well into his 70’s.

 

In 2004 my father Joseph Peter Kraushar died.  He did a good job tracing the family history through Hatzfeld but was not familiar with the internet.  When he passed away I began to take an interest in researching the family history and was able to obtain records from Deutmecke.  Now it is early in 2008 and I have completed this book and the companion website on the internet.  I have researched and written this Kraushaar and Korte family history for all those current and future generations of Kraushaar’s.

 

Most of all I have written this for my children.  Now it is up to them to keep the flame and carry this torch forward into the future, for it is important to know where you came from.

 

My Dad, Joseph Peter Kraushaar did a lot of work in later years on the Hatzfeld portion of Kraushaar Genealogy.  After his passing I was able to research Austrian military records and with the help of Stephanie Kraushaar I was able to connect Schoenholthausen (Deutmecke) with Hatzfeld.  Unfortunately my late father will never know the connection was made or that I even took an interest in it.  Here is the last message he wrote on the subject in 1999:

 

“I am enclosing the last of the Kraushaar genealogy that I have researched over the years.  So where do we go from here?  It behooves all of us to treasure our family ancestors by keeping the records of our heritage and not let them be hidden in some dark trunk or cabinet where they will be forgotten.  It is important to occasionally review these records and add new information.  It is important to all who have gone before us and all who will follow in our footsteps.  So you can all take it from here”.

 

                      Joseph Peter Kraushaar, Tucson AZ 1999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                     My Kraushaar Male Line

 

 

 

           My Kraushaar Male Line back almost 500 years:

 

Jacob Edvard Kraushaar: Born in 2007 in Vancouver, Washington to Peter Michael Kraushaar and wife Mara Anita Jurisons Kraushaar and he has one sister, Dominique Marie Kraushaar: Born in 1992 in Portland, Oregon.  Her father is Peter Michael Kraushaar, Mother is his first wife Vicky Knecht Kraushar. 

 

Peter Michael Kraushaar, Born in 1960 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Currently resides in Vancouver, Washington and Sunset Beach, Oregon. Known as Mike to close family and friends, grew up in Tucson, Arizona and graduated from Sabino High School in 1978 then served in the US Army Military Police in Germany for 3 years. Graduated from the University of Arizona in 1985. Married Vicky Knecht in 1986 then moved to Portland, Oregon. One child from this marriage is Dominique Marie Kraushaar (see above) Peter and Vicky divorced in 1997 and Peter married Mara Jurisons on August 27th, 2005 after meeting her at her place of employment at the Portland Veterans Hospital. One child from this marriage is Jacob Edvard Kraushaar (see above). Peter is employed as a radio announcer and police officer and worked at radio stations KLPX,KWFM and KSTM in Arizona in the 1980's, and KUIK in Portland in the 1990's. He served as a deputy sheriff for Multnomah County, Oregon and as a US Government Police Officer. Peter started the first radio station at Sunset Beach, Oregon KBFD on May 11th 2005. After well over a year of genealogy and history research Peter was able to trace our family history back to the year 1330 in Deutmecke and published the history on this website and preserved it on paper.

 

Joseph Peter Kraushar, Born November 11th, 1915 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Died April 11th 2004 (Easter Sunday) in Tucson, Arizona. Known as Pete by family and friends, he grew up in Cincinnati and was the oldest of five brothers including Robert, Carl, Frank, and Mathew (who died at the

age of11). He graduated from Woodward High School in Cincinnati and served in the Ohio National Guard's 107th Horse Cavalry in the 1930's up until World War II began when the unit was taken into the regular army and mechanized.  He transferred to a Hospital unit and learned how to be a Lab Technician and worked for the Hamilton County, Ohio Department of Health until he and his wife Betty Ward Kraushar moved to Tucson in 1965 where he worked at both St Joseph Hospital and the Veterans Hospital. He has three children, Christine Carlton, Signe Woods and Peter Michael Kraushaar (see above). Peter Michael Kraushaar has a son & daughter-Jacob Edvard Kraushaar & Dominique Marie Kraushaar (see above) and Signe Woods has three children (and several grandchildren) Scott Woods, Kevin Woods and Laura Woods Diller.

 

Peter Kraushaar (11 Nov 1890-30 Dec 1976), a barbur by trade, Born in Hatzfeld (now Jimbolia), Timis County, Hungary (now Romania) and married (???? unknown and they had one son who lived in Cleveland, Ohio) divorced, then married Anna Focht after immigrating to the United States in 1911.  She was born in 1899 and came from Perjamos, Hungary with her father who was

Stephan Focht born in 1868 (approx) and they also came through Ellis Island. Records show Peter Kraushaar immigrated through Ellis Island in 1911 on the

Ship Cincinnati and he has a memorial brick there that his son's purchased in his honor. They had five sons Peter (see above),Robert, Carl ,Frank, and Mathew.

 

Franz Kraushaar (1860-1932) was married to Anna Hoefler (1863-1949) and lived in Hatzfeld.  They had 11 children as follows: Franz (1885-1914), Peter 1890-1976 (my Grandfather see above), Matts 1895-1986, Marishga (1898-?), Katherine (1892-1974), Lizzie (1902-?), Josef (1904-?), Hans and Nickolas who both died very young plus twins who died at birth.  I was able to meet and get to know Matts Onkle while I was stationed in Germany and also met Katherine (Kate). Note: For unknown reasons information on Franz Kraushaar's

 

Marriage and children were not recorded in the Hatzfeld Familien Buch kept by the church.  The information in this

 

entry was passed to me from my father, who had it written down.

 

Nickolaus Kraushaar lived in Hatzfeld all his life (August 28th, 1828-1887) married Theresia Zappe (1827-1880). They had 6 boys (one was Franz, see above entry) and 1 girl. The girls name was Margarethe.  Legend has it that after a huge flood Nickolaus traded a large portion of his land in Hatzfeld for several barrels of wine.

 

Jacob Kraushaar-born in Hatzfeld (Nov 26th 1792-Dec 19th 1864) married Elisabeth Wegesser and had 12 children; one was Nickolas Kraushaar (see above).

 

Johan Wilhelm Kraushaar, born in Deutmecke near Schoenholthausen in the Sauerland region in Westfal, Germany (Jan 9th 1770-Oct 29th 1814) Died in Hatzfeld. Married Margaretha Linster and had 11 children, one was Jacob (see above)

 

Johan Herman Kraushaar (19 Oct 1740-Aug 11th 1795*) born in Schoenholthausen, Westfal, Germany and died in Marienfeld, Banat.  Married Anna Katharina Schmittkens from Elspe in 1768 and had 10 children, one was Johan Wilhem Kraushaar, (see above).  Johann and Anna sold THEIR portion of the Kraushaar farm in Deutmecke to a Kramer family from Schoenholthausen.  This was to settle a debt ruling by the church and a court case that went on for years and finally reduced the Kraushaar farm in size.   This debt was probably the result of the dowry of his Aunt Maria Catharina Kraushaar (sister of Maria Elizibeth & daughter of Anton Kraushaar) when she married Wilhelm Vigener in Attendorn November 13th, 1753. Johann & Anna then immigrated to the Banat in Hungary. (See more information on the Deutmecke link above) *Note-There are conflicting records of the date of death for Johann Herman Kraushaar.  Other dates I have seen are 1812 or 1814.

 

         NOW HERE'S WHERE THINGS GET INTERESTING!

 

Johan Jodokus Kraushaar (AKA Johann Henrichs-Korte,also spelled Corte and Corten), (Born 18 OCT 1713 in Schoenholthausen, Westfalen Germany, Died in Schoenholthausen 2 JAN 1779) On 12 OCT 1739 he married Maria Elizabeth Kraushaar (Born 31 MAR 1716 in Deutmecke/Schoenholthausen, Died 12 OCT 1788 in

Hatzfeld) He took the Kraushaar name as Maria Elizabeth was the oldest Kraushaar daughter and his family was already working on the Henrichs (Korte) &  Kraushaar farms. In this region it was usually the local priests that would make the decisions about who took what name in a marriage such as this. They had five children. One was Johan Herman Kraushaar (see above) who immigrated to the Banat in 1786 after the Kraushaar farm was reduced in size after a court case involving debt resulting from a dowry, according to Deutmecke records.  Some other children took the Henrichs or Korte names remaining in the Schonholthausen-Deutmecke area while other family members 

immigrated to the Banat. More information is available on the Schonholthausen & Deutmecke links above as there you'll see one of his sons Christoph Korte (b:26 Aug 1753 d:31 Oct 1831) remained in Deutmecke and married Sophia Shafer-Hoffman and they had one son Johann Theodor.   Johann Jodokus also had a famous half brother (they shared the same mother) the Rev. Philipp Korte - See his link up above.   One other brother, Johan Christopher Korte ( born: 08 March 1722) and his decendants, remained in the Deutmecke-Schoenholthausen area.  In 1845 all of his decendants, except one, immigrated to Dearborn, Michigan.  One remained behind in Deutmecke.

 

SINCE I AM TRACING THE MALE LINIAGE I WILL NOW CONTINUE WITH KORTE (HENRICHS), AFTER THAT I WILL CONTINUE WITH MARIA ELISIBETH KRAUSHAAR'S FATHER AND GRANDFATHER. 

 

Johann Engelbert Henrichs-Korte Born about 1690 and Died 31 AUG 1727 (at the young age of 37) married Catharina Boge (also spelled Boegge and Bog) on 2 OCT 1712 (Born in Deunschede, year unknown & died 15 Feb 1744). Their oldest of six children was Johann Jodokus Henrichs-Corten (see above) After Johann's death she remarried Anton Spielmann and had three more children, but the family estate stayed with Johan Englebert Korte's decendants.

 

Peter Henrichs-Korte, a judge (Born 1661 in Schoenholthausen, Died 23 MAR 1731) married Klara Steckebrock (died 2 May 1733). They married in Koln (Cologne) in 1678, probably in the Cologne Cathedral which house the remains of the 3 Wisemen (Magi) who witnessed Christ's birth; the oldest of their three children was Johan Engelbert Henrichs-Corten (see above).  Peter Henrichs-Korte was the first Director of the Chapel in Deutmecke/Schoenholthausen and also the head of the court in Schlipruthen.  I believe, from documents I have seen his father was Bernhard Korte, and his grandfather Johann Korte all with unknown dates of birth or

 

death. You'll find them mentioned in the Deutmecke Kraushaar History link above and by clicking on the Westfall Genealogy link above (then click on Sauerland Arbeitkreise and research Schlipruthen).  It is also possible he is related to Eberhard Korte (1615-1685) and/or Eberhard's father Henneke Korte born in 1585 as they lived in the area. It is my opinion, and you'll probably agree after viewing this link, that by 1633 a person & family named Korte began working and living on the Henrichs farm as its during that period their name Korte began showing up on farm documents and they started using the Henrichs name about that time. For several generations they used both Korte & Henrichs, as was customary.  As you'll see on this link the Henrichs farm dates back to at least the early 1300's.

 

Bernhard Korte (No DOB available) and Margaretha Kampman married in 1659 were very probably Peter Henrichs Korte's parents, as you'll see on the Deutmecke history link above.

 

Jobst Korte and Johanna Shulte (No DOB's available), were married on 10 January 1634. They *may be Bernhard's (see above) parents.  They also had at least two other children named Heinrich (born April 1643) and Margaretha (born in 1649).  Johann Korte married Ursula Richardes on June 18th 1628, they are *more likely Bernhard's parents due to records of people living on the Henrich's farm that you can read about on the Deutmecke link above.
 
Henneke Korte born in 1585 * (other records show 1590)may have been Jobst and Johann's (see above) father.   He definately was father to Eberhard and Hans Korte who, according to records had marriages to local women in 1641.

 

 *UNFORTUNATELY BIRTH RECORDS ARE MISSING PRIOR TO 1641 ALTHOUGH MARRIAGE RECORDS ARE AVAILABLE. ALL RECORDS FROM 1661 TO 1700 ARE MISSING, MAKING RESEARCH DIFFICULT.

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Anton Kraushaar was Maria Elisibeth Kraushaar's (see above) father.  He was born about 1670 and died in 1741, he married Anna Gertrud Willecke(Rhode?) from Fretter in 1712 and she died 26 SEPT 1737.  This couple had six daughters, which could be why when the oldest, Maria Elisabeth married Johann Jodokus Korte (Henrichs) (see above) and he took the Kraushaar name, although it was usually the local preist that gave a final blessing (permission) for a name change, and they immigrated to the Banat in Hungary in 1786.  Their third oldest daughter, Anna Maria (Born 03 May 1722) married Casper Steckbrocke on February 16th, 1745 and she apparently had control of a large portion of the Kraushaar farm which she passed down to her daughter Maria Catherina Steckebrocke who married Johann Franz Wichtmann in 1774.  The descendants of this union, Kraushaar-Wichtmann still live on the farm in Deutmecke today.

 

Johann Kraushaar (Born about 1650 and died 5 DEC 1715) was married to Elisibeth, AKA Lisa??? (unknown maiden name) and she died 20 NOV 1711.  One of their eight children was Anton Kraushaar (see above).  I have not been able to find out who Johann Kraushaar's father is, although it is possible it was Hans Kraushaar Whoever he is he's surely a descendant of Heinemann Cruishair who owned the Kraushaar farm in 1524.  Remember names and words were simply spelled in numerous ways, even on official documents by the way they sounded in German until the 1800's when the language became organized.

 

Now here is an article on Philipp Korte who was the 1/2 brother of Johann Jodokus Korte-Kraushaar (above):

 

Philipp Korte was born on 3. December 1730 in Deutmecke in Sauerland as a son of a simple farmer. He attended the Franziskanergymnasium (high school) in Attendorn from 1742-1747. He was  financially supported by his uncle. Philipp had special gifts in natural sciences, mechanics and in particular for physics. On 29. November 1747 he began a study in philosophy and theology at the University of Paderborn. At this time he was barely 17 and mastered the study in each case as the class-best.
He could speak several languages fluently: Latin, Greek, English, French and Italian.

On  21. September 1754 he was dedicated in Paderborn to the priesthood and became afterwards Deputy Chaplin in Salzkotten.
Two years later, on 4. August 1756, he got the Pfarrstelle at the village in Paderborn. Then received the Pfarrstelle in Salzkotten to November 1758 and was there active up to its death to 15. July 1803. He was at this time 72 years old. During his lifetime he helped Salzkotten after the conclusion of the seven-year-war to new economic upswing. He built an improved graduation works, whereby the import of foreign salt was forbidden and the export was promoted. Thus also the salt prices could be enormously lowered. He built still new simmering houses at the same time. In addition he built still another parsonage building in the year 1773, a Knabenschule (boys school) in the year 1793, a Kaplanei and a poorhouse.He was a successful writer, particularly with his books: “Remarks over measures and weights” and “the history of the City Salzkotten”. He got two awards in the year 1779 even. Price with a task of price over measures and weights in the Academy of Sciences in London.
For all that he did he did not neglect his obligations as a minister, still helpful to humans, and he worried much about the youth.
In the memory of Philipp Korte, after World War II, in 1958 a memorial stone was dedicated at the saltworks of Westernkotten set and Minister Korte road.

 

This is an excerpt from pages 73-77:

Pfarrarchiv S c h ö n h o l t h a u s e n

F I N D B U C H

Angelegt von

Dr. jur. Alfred Cohausz

Diözesanarchivar

(The Schoenholthausen Parish Archives)

 

This legal and church involved proceeding could have something to do with some Deutmecke Kraushaar’s leaving Germany and moving to the Banat in Hungary to homestead, as this document appears there was some turmoil surrounding the Kraushaar farm and the sub-dividing of it in 1786 (the year Johann immigrated to the Banat to homested), perhaps due to this debt.  Although research indicates that some Kraushaar’s remained in Deutmecke on the farm, which was retained by Anna Maria Kraushaar-Steckbrock (another daughter of Anton Kraushaar), however it was reduced in size.

 

August 23rd 1786:  Johannes Kraushaar in Deutmecke compared documents with minister Bertram in Schoenholthausen Volume 2 - 75 - over the Rinckeguetchen, from which the Pastor demands a delivery and had a complaint. Kraushaar gives up for the paying off of all requirements: a) Barn together with yard to the stream and the Henrichs garden. b) the Leinkamp, c) ¼ in the Mark, d) ¼ of the Junckholz with the gluing to loads. He signs then leaves the free court  broke and confirms. Judicial execution with signature and seal of the kurfuerstlichen judge Hoeynck. Attached: The Minister Toellmann leases everything with different plots (see the following document of same day) that Mathias Poeggeler, may re-do the barn at his own expense and changes to the house and 10 ½ Tollar. The lease must pay and the profit money  of 1 Tollar (Dollar). The Minister of Desks notes that only 4.7 Tollar of the lease of the Pastor and 4 Tollar to the church were paid. 1786 August 23.  Johannes Kraushaar of Deutmecke professes himself of documents to the old debt of 100 Tollar, each with that volume 2  the Pastor and church and signs it on August 23 in 1786. Johannes Kraushaar of Deutmecke admits 100 tollar of the documents parish church and Pastorat. to volume owe 2, for which 3 Scheffel on the Fohenfuhr, in the same way on the Dufenschlade, 3 ½ Scheffels, in the Vossmecke with the meadow beside it, a truck hay stature largely, 6 Scheffels behind the Reitzebeil, 6 Scheffels am(?) Hageberg under the seed mountain, in the same way in the Brauteri-76 - schem mountain, 12 Scheffels. Oats country on the carrot stone together with Heidland and all loads retired. He then signs and lets the contract judicially confirm. Managing the original..

 

Note: This debt may have stemmed from the extraordinary dowry of his Aunt Maria Catharina Kraushaar (sister of Maria Elizibeth and daughter of Anton Kraushaar) when she married Wilhelm Vigener in Attendorn November 13, 1753.   I am told this by the current owners of the Kraushaar farm, themselves Kraushaar descendants, who also told me the farm was then in debt for decades after the dowry and the court case went on for years and years until it was finally settled by Johann Kraushaar in 1786.

 

Peter Kraushaar, Vancouver WA, USA 2008

Copyright 2008 Kraushaar Media